|Mortgage Refinance Information|
Adjustable Rate Mortgage - How They Work?
How does an ARM work.
The borrowers interest rate is determined initially by the cost of money and the time the loan is made. Once the rate has been set, and it is tied to one of several widely recognized and published indexes , and future interest adjustments are based on the upward an downward movements of the index. An index is a statistical report that is generally reliable indicator of the approximate change in the cost of money.
At the time a loan is made, the index preferred by the lender is selected, and thereafter the loan interest rate to rise and fall with the rates reported by the index. Since the index is a reflection of the lenders cost of money, it is necessary to add a margin to the index to ensure sufficient income for administrative expenses and profit. Margin will usually vary from 2% to 3%. The index plus the margin equals the adjustable interest rate. It is the index rate that fluctuates during the term of the loan and the cause of the borrowers interest rate to increase and decrease, the lenders margin remains constant.
Most lenders try to use an index to is very responsive to economic fluctuations. Some of the indexes are Treasury Rates--CMT-MTA-COFI-CODI-COSI-LIBOR-Prime Rate.
The margin is the difference between the index rate and the interest charged to the borrower.
9.25% - current index rate
2.00% - margin
11.25% - mortgage interest rate (note rate)
Rate adjustment period.
The rate adjustment period refers to the intervals and which a borrowers interest rate is adjusted, example: six months, one year, for years and so on. After referring to the rates movement in the selected index, the lender will notify the borrower of any rate increase or decrease. Annual rate adjustments are most common.
Lenders used two different mechanisms to limit the magnitude off payment changes that occur with interest rate adjustments: Interest rate caps and payment caps
An interest rate cap.
Lenders, consumers are concerned with a phenomenon called payment shock. Payment shock results from increase in the borrowers monthly payments which, depending upon the amount and frequency of payment increases, as well as the borrowers income, may eliminate the borrower's ability to continue making mortgage payments.
Payment Caps. This is a limit on the amount or percentage that a payment may change at each adjustment. If this cap was 7.50% and your monthly payment was $800.00, the most your payment could increase would be $60.00 - to $860.00. At the next adjustment, the most your payment could increase would be $64.50 (7.50% of $860.00 - for a $924.50 payment this period).
When lenders discovered residential adjustable-rate mortgage instrument in late 1979, recognize an opportunity to increase earnings. As public acceptance of adjustable-rate mortgages grew, so did the competition for adjustable-rate mortgage loans. To compete, lenders lowered the first-year interest rates on the loans they offered and introduce borrowers to discounts and buy-downs. The low initial rate have subsequently been dumped teaser rates. Many lenders offered attractive teaser rates merely to enlarge their portfolio of adjustable-rate mortgages. But since most adjustable-rate mortgages where he got interest rate caps prior to 1984, there are many instances where initial interest rates were increased by five to six percent. Clearly a crisis was developing.
To protect borrowers from payment shock and perfect lenders from portfolio shock, lenders began imposing caps on their adjustable-rate mortgages.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac caps.
Both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have guidelines relating to adjustable-rate mortgages interest rate caps. There are many different adjustable-rate mortgage plans, but as a general guideline, most adjustable-rate mortgages purchase by Fannie Mae are limited to the rate increase often no more than 2% per year and 5% over the life of the loan. Freddie Mac rate adjustment guidelines limiting rate increase to 2% per year and 5% over the life of the loan.
Mortgage payment adjustment period. The mortgage payment adjustment period defines the intervals and reach a borrower's actual principal and interest payments are charged.
There are two ways the rate and payment adjustments can be handled:
The lender can adjust the rate periodically as called for in the loan agreement and then adjust to mortgage payment to reflect the rate change. The lender can adjust the rate of more frequently than the mortgage payment is adjusted. For example, the loan agreement may call for interest rate adjustments every six months but changes in mortgage payments every three years.
If a borrower's principal and interest payment remains constant over a three-year period by the loans interest rate has steadily increased or decreased during that time, than to little or too much interest will have been paid in the interim. When this happens, the difference is subtracted from or added to the loan balance. When unpaid interest is added to loan balance, it is called negative amortization.
Martin Lukac, represents, #1 Loans USA(http://www.1LoansUSA.com), a finance web-company specializing in real estate/mortgage market. We specialize in daily updates, rate predictions, mortgage rates and more: info@1LoansUSA.com
Taking the Time to Find the Best Home Improvement Loans
The best home improvement loans usually aren't going to be the first loans that you encounter, but if you're in the market for a loan to pay for repairs, expansions, or improvements to your home or other real estate then it might be worth your time to shop around before you decide on one loan or another.
A Home Equity Loan ? Is It For You?
Home equity loans are often touted as being the solution to so many things ? giving you access to money for home repairs or improvements, a way to consolidate debt, finance a sudden family emergency, or even as a way to start an investment portfolio. There's a lot to think about, though, before you go and sign up for the first home equity loan you see.
Why Choose a Remortgage?
A remortgage can be used for the purpose of gaining lower interest rates on your mortgage or raising finance through releasing equity.
Kings Bay Georgia Mortgage Information
When choosing the right mortgage company for your home purchase or refinancing, there are a few things to consider.
Ending Your Private Mortgage Insurance Early
Private mortgage insurance, or PMI, is the safety net of the lender. PMI benefits lenders because it guarantees payment on the balance of loans not covered by the sale of foreclosed properties.
Jacksonville Florida Real Estate Mortgage Home Loans - Get the Best Rate Everytime
There are hundreds of mortgage companies in the Jacksonville real estate market. All claiming to have the lowest rate and excellent customer service. Well, it is simple to figure out that if you are reading this information off of billboards or in an expensive yellows page adverisment, it is very possible this isn't so.
How Good a Deal Is Your Banks Mortgage Insurance Plan?
When you go to the bank to get a mortgage, you'll inevitably be asked to take out mortgage insurance. The idea behind mortgage insurance is simply that if something happens to you or your spouse then your loan will be paid off which is good news for your family and the bank. Most financial institutions act like they are doing you a favor by offering you mortgage insurance through their own group plan, but are they?
How to Find a Good Online Homeowner Loan
A quickly growing trend in lending is the online homeowner loan. This loan uses the equity that you have in your home to secure the loan amount, and features both a convenient way to apply and check on your loan as well as faster decision times and lower interest rates than many loans offered by more "traditional" lenders such as banks and finance companies.
What is a Fixed-To-Adjustable Rate Mortgage?
Florida Refinance - Refinancing in Florida
The decision to buy a home in Florida can be one of the best you will ever make. If you own a home in Florida you may be considering refinancing. Refinancing now can potentially save you thousands of dollars over the length of your mortgage. Florida lenders are offering low interest rates and could save you thousands of dollars over the length of your loan. Mortgage companies serving Florida and the United States are able to offer loan packages that make refinancing your home a wise decision. Compare your current interest rate to the rates being offered now and see how much money you can save by refinancing your home.
Mortgage-Refinance Loan Measurment 101 -- Evaluate Your Own Ability to Pay
We live in a society where people are losing their homes at an alarmingly high rate. There are several reasons for this, but one could certainly be avoided -- buying a house that creates a loan that is too large for you to handle. This article will examine how to decide your loan size -- whether you are purchasing or refinancing. We'll look at this issue from the point of view of lenders and from the standpoint of what is actually best for you.
Home Buying ? What Can You Afford?
Okay, you've decided to buy a home and are trying to figure out what you can afford. Before you go home buying, you need to carefully consider what you can afford as far as a mortgage payment.
2nd Mortgage - Better Than Refinancing
You have probably received refinancing offers in the mail or advertised online touting your ability to pull out your home's equity. But a 2nd mortgage, also called an equity loan, may be a better financing option than refinancing your mortgage. 2nd mortgages are ideal when you just want to tap into your equity, plan to move soon, or are unsure about the amount you want to borrow.
Preventing Foreclosure Proceedings and Understanding Your Options
Every year over 8 million homeowners are seeking help preventing foreclosure proceedings. This is a stunning 30 year high. Experts project that by 2006, 12 million homeowners will be teetering on the brink of foreclosure. Many homeowners are not aware that they can prevent foreclosure and save their house. Did you know that you can stop the proceedings up to an hour before the auction takes place?
Refinance Your Home Equity Loan
Refinancing your home equity loan is an excellent way to save money. By refinancing your home equity loan you can lower your interest rate and finance for a longer or shorter term. Some things to consider before refinancing your home equity loan are the possible tax benefits, how long you intend to stay in your home, what your long term financial goals are, and how could you use the money to benefit your family. Refinancing your home equity loan is a great way to save money each month.
Mortgage: Rehabilitation Of Financial Helplessness
The term 'mortgage' is assumed really controversial by people when they are contemplating the idea of taking a loan. It is definitely a very simple procedure which is presumed complicated because your home is attached to the term mortgage. In the layman language it is the conditional conveyance of property as a security for the repayment of the loan.
Home Mortgages: Should You Apply Now?
If you're thinking about applying for a new mortgage or refinancing your current mortgage, you might want to take action now.
First-time House Buyers: to Buy or Not to Buy; that is the Question
Buying your first house is always a difficult time. There are so many important decisions to make, and problems to be solved, which combine to make it one of the most stressful events that will occur in most people's lives.
Home Equity Loan Tax Deductions
Interest - is an amount you pay for the use of borrowed money.
Imagine Cutting Over $8,000 Off Your Mortgage This Year
I once helped a customer cut over $700 off his monthly mortgage payment. That's right, over $8,000 each year and over $40,000 in just five years. Now, not everyone can save this much, but if you have a loan that is over $200,000, you could come close to this, if you refinance your fixed rate mortgage to a new loan program.
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